M.A. Elena Magli


Abteilung für Mittelalterliche Geschichte

S 204, Unitobler, Lerchenweg 36
Universität Bern
Historisches Institut
Länggassstrasse 49
3012 Bern
  • Late medieval urban culture and space in central and west Europe
  • Urban martial culture
  • Symbolic, material and spatial representations of urban communities
  • Historical anthropology

Nightwatch and Watchtower – The System of Guarding and Defending the Town in late medieval Basel

Dissertationsprojekt (part of the SNF-Project “Martial Culture in Medieval Towns”)

This dissertation examines town guard and defence in late medieval Basel and their relation to urban space. It will look at the phenomenon of guarding and defending as a means to understand the relationship between urban martial culture and urban space.

Within the city's walls, «martial culture» was most tangible in the guarding and defending of a town. Medieval towns had to be protected against dangers from outside as well as from within and to this avail, the cities were at all times guarded, day and night. In towns of the Holy Roman Empire, the city guards of the late Middle Ages consisted of the male town dwellers themselves, regardless of their social standing, as well as payed watchmen. In the event of an imminent threat, specific measures of defence were put into place, and the entire armed populace of a town was called upon and mobilized. Guarding and defending were thus part of the urban culture, but one that research on social and cultural urban history has largely overlooked.

The main object of the investigation is the town of Basel. Probably due to its comparatively vulnerable location in the open landscape of the upper Rhine, its geopolitical location on the outskirts of the Holy Roman Empire as well as being just outside of the developing Swiss Confederation, Basel produced a wealth of sources concerning its system of guarding and defending. This dissertation will analyse city guards and city defence in Basel from the second half of the 14th century up until the beginning of the 16th century and thus aims at providing insights into the transformation of urban safeguarding and defence through a prolonged period of political and social changes.

This dissertation asks who the guards and defenders in Basel were and how they fitted into urban society and culture. It will also ask how and where guarding and defending took place in the city, where it was present and visible. Here strongholds such as the city walls will be important, but even more so the town streets and squares. How were these spaces appropriated and used and how did people act and move in them? This dissertation will also address how space enhanced by guarding and defending overlapped with other spaces of urban life.

During the past decade, research on urban space has provided important new insights into the specific characteristics of medieval towns. Research has focused upon social, political, sacred and economical spaces within the city walls, concentrating on the construction of different spaces, their transformation and how they overlap. This study will capture the phenomenon of urban safeguarding and defence and thereby aims at broadening the research on urban space by integrating spaces of martial culture into the ongoing discussion.

«Konferenz- und Tagungsbeiträge»

  • Gehen, stehen, schauen – Die Aneignung und Nutzung des städtischen Raumes durch die Basler Stadtwache im späten Mittelalter
    Paper presented at the Kolloquium des Konstanzer Arbeitskreises für mittelalterliche Geschichte, Universität Konstanz, 06.05.2022

  • Walking the Streets and Gathering in Squares. Communal Guarding and Defending in Late Medieval Basel,
    Paper presented at the international conference «Martial Culture in European Towns», University of Bern, 12.11.2021.
  • The Spaces of Martial Culture in Late Medieval Towns,
    Within a panel of the research team «Martical Culture in Medieval Europe», Paper presented at the «International Medieval Conference», University of Leeds, 06.07.2021.
  • Night-watch and city streets: Urban safeguarding in late medieval Basel,
    Paper presented at the study day «People, Space, and the City», Centre for Medieval and Renaissance Culture, University of Southampton, 26.05.2021.
  • Scharwacht und Nachtgeschrei. Die Bewachung der Stadt Basel im späten Mittelalter,
    Paper presented at the Vortragszyklus of the Historische und Antiquarische Gesellschaft zu Basel, Basel, 18.11.2019.